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Prunus avium 'Black Gold'
Black Gold cherry
Rosaceae - Rose
DescriptionNative to Europe and Asia the Prunus avium species has spread and naturalized into North American and Australia. There are many cultivars. Introduced in 2001, the 'Black Gold' cultivar is a cross between 'Stark Gold' and Stella cherries. The Prunus avium is deciduous with bright green, serrated, alternate leaves. Small, red glands appear at the tip and base of the leaves. The bark is a smooth purplish-brown. Clusters of two to six five-petaled, white flowers cover the branches in late spring, appearing at the same time as the leaves. Fruit will first appear yellowish-red and mature to a rich, red in mid-summer. The medium-sized, heart-shaped fruit resists cracking and is juicy, firm and sweet. It is self-pollinating and usually does very well in colder climates. Although it does not need a pollinator, it can serve as a pollinator for other late blooming cherry trees.
Mature Size25 feet
BloomWhite flowers appear late spring turning into plump, red cherries in mid-summer.
Interesting FactsPlanting requirements: Full sun, well-drained loamy soil with a pH of 7.0-7.0, moderate water. Hardy in USDA Zones 5a to 8b. Disease resistant to brown rot and black knot. Prunus avium 'Black Gold' is one of the introductory trees from the breeding programs at Cornell University's Geneva Experiment Station. In Latin, Prunus avium means "bird cherry".
Traditional and Medicinal UsesThe wood of the species Prunus avium is often used in making high-quality cabinets and musical instruments. Astringents, diuretics and a cough medicines have been prepared from the stalks of the fruits.
Santa Fe Botanical Garden SitesMuseum Hill